Dandruff, also known as pityriasis simplex capillitii is a disease that is caused by a number of factors, though research has not been able to ascertain the primary cause of it, just factors that can contribute to it. Dandruff dates back to time immemorial irrespective of different treatment options.
Here are some of the culprits you should look out for
Not brushing your hair regularly
Studies show that people who fail to fail to comb or brush their hair regularly have higher chances and risk of having dandruff. This is because when you comb or brush your hair, it aids the shedding of hair on your skin and when you don’t, the dead skin cells compound in your hair hence resulting in dandruff
Sensitivity to yeast
Research has shown that people who are sensitive to yeast have a slightly higher risk of developing dandruff, so it’s logical to assume that yeast may play a part. Yeast-sensitive people who get dandruff often find that it gets better during the warmer months and worse in winter. UVA light from the sun counteracts the yeast. Some say that during winter or exposure to extreme temps, the skin is drier, making dandruff more likely. So, it’s not that easy to tell whether it’s yeast or just dry skin.
People with dry skin tend to get dandruff more often. Cold winter air, combined with overheated rooms, is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin. If this is you, you’ll notice that your flakes are small and non-oily. But there are recent studies that debunk the idea that dry skin can cause dandruff.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that is characterized by irritated, oily skin. Asides from the scalp, seborrheic dermatitis affects different parts of the skin including the eyebrows, breastbone, backs of the ears and sides of the nose. If you suffer from it, you’ll prone to dandruff too. You’ll notice red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales.
Certain Skin Conditions
People with skin conditions like psoriasis, eczema and other skin disorders tend to get dandruff more frequently than other people.
A Bad Reaction to Products
Some people react to certain haircare products with a red, itchy, scaling scalp. Washing and shampooing your hair too often may cause dandruff as it can irritate the scalp.
Malassezia is a fungus that lives on everybody’s scalp. Normally, it poses no threat to the hair, but it can grow out of control and when it does, it feeds on the oil our hair follicles secrete. When this happens, the scalp becomes irritated and produces extra skin cells. These extra cells produces die and fall off, mix with the oil from our hair and scalp, and turn into what we see as dandruff.
Some Facts about dandruff
Dandruff is actually a fungus
Though dandruff is a fungus, it is totally healthy and normal and everyone has it. But in some situations, there is an overproduction of excess skin, some of them slough off and then becomes dandruff
Dandruff is not caused by dryness.
It is natural that when the skin on your body and face becomes scaly or itchy, the first thing that comes to your mind is to reach for a moisturizer. The reverse is the case when it comes to your scalp. When your skin is flaky, it is usually as a result of too much oil.It’s a common misconception that dandruff is caused by dryness; in reality, it’s usually due to an overgrowth of harmless yeast. The combination of oil buildup, yeast and dead skin creates those pesky flakes
Dandruff can’t be cured but can be controlled
Unfortunately, there are no magic pills that can will dandruff away. If you’re prone to dandruff, it’s most likely to continually recurring problem. Still, you don’t have to wait for flakes to make an appearance to start treating them, you can however take preemptive action to avoid chronic dandruff. You should start by checking what you eat as diets high in saturated and trans fats cause your sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which makes dandruff worse. Instead, incorporate different fruits and vegetables that have zinc and Vitamin B properties as they will help keep the flakes at bay. A probiotic Is another option or any other beneficial bacteria that can be taken as a supplement to help combat yeast overgrowth. You can also use specialty shampoos and conditioners to help clear it up as much as possible.
Scratching makes it worse
When you scratch your hair, you’re basically clumping together the skin so it’s falls off more easily, and in bigger chunks. If the itching really bothers you, try a sensitive shampoo to help soothe your irritated skin. And go see a doctor if the itching doesn’t go away or gets worse. You could have psoiriasis or inflamed skin, which needs a different kind of treatment.
Working out can help
Working out regularly can actually diminish dandruff because it improves blood circulation, leading to healthier skin and healthier hair. Just make sure to shower immediately after a workout — sweat can irritate the scalp.
Dandruff is not only relegated to your scalp
You can also get dandruff on your face and body. Those oily flakes are not necessarily restricted to your scalp. It’s not uncommon for women to discover dandruff flakes in their eyebrows, around their ears, and along the sides of their nose — anywhere a lot of oil is produced. Usually such scaly patches occur in addition to a flaky scalp — if you have these extra skin-shedding spots, use your dandruff shampoo to gently clean them when you wash your hair
Dandruff is seasonal.
Dandruff is most severe in the winter and relatively mild in the summer. And the culprit is likely drier air. But other factors can also make dandruff worse, like drinking a lot of alcohol and stress.
Dandruff makes you shed more hair
Hair shedding is very natural and normal. However, one survey found that those who suffer from dandruff tend to shed more hair; almost double than those who don’t suffer from dandruff.