Sore tongue and like issues which includes swollen taste buds, mouth injuries and canker sores can be treated from the comfort of your home. Home remedies for sore tongue will not only heal, they will also ease the pain caused by serious medical conditions like burning mouth syndrome or oral thrush.
What are the Causes of a Sore Tongue?
Most of the causes of a sore tongue are not sir serious and majorly temporary.
Below are the most common causes of the soreness in the tongue :
• Injuries from burning or biting the tongue
• Swollen taste buds, also known as lie bumps
• Irritations from braces or dentures
• Grinding your teeth at night
• Scrubbing your tongue too hard while brushing
• Canker sores
• Oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth)
• Acid reflux
• Food sensitivities
• Infections like scarlet feel, HPV, syphilis, hand, foot and mouth disease
• Chewing or smoking tobacco
• Dry mouth, medically referred to as xerostomia
There are a few other causes of soreness of the tongue that are not as common. Some of them include :
• Oral mucositis, caused by radiotherapy and chemotherapy
• Vitamin deficiencies like niacin, zinc, folate, iron or vitamin B12.
• Burning mouth syndrome
• Lichen planus
• Moeller’s glossitis
• Behcet’s disease
• Oral cancer
• Pemphigus vulgaris
• Sjogren syndrome
• Celiac disease
When to see a doctor
If you start to notice any changes in the appearance and feel of your tongue like its colour, presence of sores or bumps and they last for over two weeks, then you should see a dentist or a doctor. Below are some symptoms to look out for alongside a sore tongue :
• Bleeding gums
• White patches in the mouth
• Blisters or sores on other parts of the body
• Inability to eat or drink
A doctor could find out if there’s an underlying condition behind the soreness of your tongue or if you just need to make a few changes to your oral hygiene routine.
They may also test to rule out the less-common causes for your soreness like oral cancer or burning mouth syndrome.
If caused by infections like syphilis, HFM(Hand, foot and mouth) disease, or oral thrush, you’re going to need a prescription to get rid of the infection, therefore, it’s important that you do not delay making an appointment with a doctor.
Easy Ways to Handle a Sore Tongue
Brushing your teeth with a soft toothbrush, using a mouthwash and flossing can help get rid of a sore tongue and protect your mouth from an infection. You may also find that using a toothpaste that does not contain lauryl sulphate helps relieve soreness too.
Aloe vera has been used for centuries as a result of its skin-soothing and healing abilities. This also applies to the tongue. All you have to do is simply rinse your mouth with aloe juice few times daily.
If there’s a swelling along with the pain on your tongue, try rinsing your mouth with a mixture of one teaspoon of baking soda in half a cup of water. You can also make a paste with the water and baking soda and apply onto the sore area.
Milk of magnesia
Milk of magnesia has been known to neutralise acid. Therefore applying small amounts on your tongue will help promote healing relieve the pain
Hydrogen peroxide has antiseptic properties and will therefore help to get rid of the infection, as well as the sore in your mouth. Use only three percent hydrogen peroxide and then dilute it with equal parts of water.
Using a cotton swab, dab the affected area and leave for a few seconds before rinsing your mouth with warm water.
Salt water has antimicrobial properties, anti-inflammatory properties and soothing properties. It will therefore help prevent an infection, reduce inflammation and reduce the pain. Simply mix in one teaspoon of salt to a cup of warm water. Swish it around your mouth vigorously and spit it out.
Honey has natural antibacterial properties and has been found to be effective in handling different kinds of wounds. You could rub a good amount topically on the sore area a few times a day or simply add some honey to your tea before drinking.
Coconut oil possesses antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties, all of which make it another ideal remedy for treating sore tongue. Apply the oil directly to the sore area using cotton ball, rub it gently.
You can also swish around 8b your mouth and spit out. This method is known as oil pulling
Chamomile is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, even though there hasn’t been much evidence to prove this fact. We only know from the numerous people who have tried, tested and confirmed it.
To try the remedy, rinse your mouth with a strong chamomile tea once it’s cooled or apply a wet tea bag directly on the spot.
Antacids are greater for neutralising stomach acid and may help relieve a sore or burning tongue, especially if it has been caused by acid reflux.
Ice, ice pops, and cold water
Ice has the ability to soothe and numb pains, so sucking on an ice cube, or ice pop or even drinking ice-cold water can help relieve some tongue soreness including the ones caused by burning mouth and dry mouth.
You could visit your local drugstore for OTC topical treatments that work by protecting the tongue by coating it from further irritation.
• OTC hydrogen peroxide rinses (Peroxyl, Orajel)
• Bemzocaine (Orabase, Zilactin-B)
If the soreness of your tongue is caused by a vitamin deficiency, consider taking a vitamin B complex supplement or a multivitamin. It’s important to speak with your doctor before taking any supplements.
Avoiding spicy and irritating foods
Acidic and spicy foods could worsen soreness in your tongue. Till this soreness heals, we advice that you avoid foods like lemon, tomato and pineapple. Instead, we suggest you eat bland, soft foods like oatmeal and mashed potatoes.