The skin is the largest organ in the body, armed with multifarious tasks such as protecting your muscles, bones and internal organs from outside infection and diseases, and shedding your dead cells. It also acts as our body’s thermostat, thereby helping to regulate our body temperature. For instance, the skin helps cool down your body on hot days and also prevents heat loss on cold ones
Acne, rashes, and sunburn are some of the concerns that come to mind when people think about caring for their skin. Question now is, How well do you know your skin?
Here are 11 fun facts about your skin
- The average person’s skin covers an area of 2 square meters.
- Skin accounts for about 15% of your body weight.
- The average adult has approximately 21 square feet of skin, which weighs 9 lbs and contains more than 11 miles of blood vessels.
- The average person has about 300 million skin cells. A single square inch of skin has about 19 million cells and up to 300 sweat glands.
- Your skin is its thickest on your feet (1.4mm) and thinnest on your eyelids (0.2mm).
- The skin renews itself every 28 days.
- Your skin constantly sheds dead cells, about 30,000 to 40,000 cells every minute! That’s nearly 9 lbs. per year!
- Some sources estimate that more than half of the dust in your home is actually dead skin.
- Dead skin comprises about a billion tons of dust in the earth’s atmosphere.
- Your skin is home to more than 1,000 species of bacteria.
- Skin that is severely damaged may try to heal itself by forming scar tissue, which is different from normal skin tissue because it lacks hair and sweat glands.
Here are some of amazing facts you should know about your skin
- Skin is the largest organ in the body
Your skin is the largest organ in your body, It occupies approximately 1.73 square meter; with a surface area of about 22 square feet. Your skin makes up about 16 percent of your body weight
- The Skin regulates your body temperature
Your skin regulates your body temperature; acts as your body’s thermostat. When you are overheated, blood vessels widen so that heat can be released into the body. This heat is released through the sweat gland. These heat released as sweat activates the body to cool down, hence, regulating body temperature.
When your body is cold, the blood vessels in your skin constrict, thereby limiting the amount of hot blood that can reach your skin. Pores also become very small when exposed to colder temperature in order to retain heat
- Skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin.
The Skin color ranges from very pale to very dark, depending on how much melanin your body can make. Everyone has the same amount of cells that produce melanin, which is made in the outer layer of the skin called the epidermis; but not everyone’s skin can produce the same amount. The cells that secrete melanin in the body are known as melanocytes. Having little or too much melanin in the body can lead to skin color disorders. Cases of vitiligo occur when some melanocytes lose the ability to produce melanin,resulting in whitish patches. Albinism on the other hand is total absence of melanin. Hyperpigmentation on the other end is the presence of excess melanin. This often results in darker patches in the body. The more melanin your body produces, the darker your skin
- The skin regenerates itself.
Your skin sheds its dead skin cells on a daily basis. New cells are created in the deep layer of the skin. And it takes about 28 to 30 days for the skin to rise to the surface. There, they grow hard and shed. The dead skin cells do not shed completely; this is where you might need to do an additional exfoliating
How you exfoliate your skin is often dependent on your skin type. If you are one with a sensitive skin, you should exfoliate once a week. If on the other hand, you have skin problems like acne, or combination or even an oily skin, then you should exfoliate twice a week. You should probably try exfoliating with oatmeal; or look for exfoliants with oatmeal properties in them. It gives a desired soothing effect. Avoid at all costs, exfoliating with exfoliants that have sharp or strong particles. They may not be so good for your skin.
- The skin is layered
There are three layers of the skin: The epidermis, the dermis and the subcutis. The subcutis is the innermost layer and is made up of fat and connective tissues that support the skin’s structure and attaches it to muscles. The dermis is the middle layer and is responsible for 90 percent of skin’s thickness. The epidermis is the waterproof or the outermost layer and serves as a protective barrier between the body and the environment
- Dust are partly dead skin cells
Your body constantly sheds dead skin cells. Your skin is meant to do this — to create new skin cells all the time and get rid of the old ones. 70 to 90 percent of the dirt you see in your house is actually dead skin cells.
Studies have shown that over 30,000 to 40,000 skin cells fall off you every minute, and an average 8.8 pounds of dead skin cells fall off your body every year
- Millions of bacteria live on the skin.
“The skin’s surface is home to over 1000 different types of bacteria collectively known as the skin microbiota.” These bacterias are mostly harmless bacteria that can thrive on the skin for many beneficial purposes, including wound healing, reducing skin inflammation, and assisting the immune system to help fight disease-causing microbes.
- Pimples are not caused by dirt or diet.
These are some misconceptions about what can offset breakouts. There are a number of things that aggravate acne or zits on your skin. Acne can be caused by factors like menstruation and/or pregnancy due to changes in hormone levels, sweating, humidity, some medications, and certain cosmetics or hair preparations.
To prevent this breakout, it is important you do the following
- Wash your face at least twice a day.
- Remove all makeup from your face before going to bed
- Wash and change bed sheets and pillowcases as often as possible.
- Wash your facecloths, makeup pads and brushes regularly
- Use oil-free sunscreens that won’t clog your pores