We’ve all gotten down with fever at some point. It is usually marked by increased body temperatures that are not normal, loss of appetite and body aches. The increased temperature is the body’s immune system reacting to an infection.
Pathogens like viruses and bacteria can thrive well at normal temperatures. Therefore, the immune system increases the temperature to fight off these pathogens and make sure they do not survive.
A body temperature that is above 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit or 37.5 degrees Celsius or 37.2 degrees Celsius to 37.5 degrees Celsius is considered a fever.
Causes of Fever
Fever is not necessarily an illness, it is instead a symptom of an underlying infection that the body has encountered. It can be categorized into infectious and non-infectious.
The causes of infectious infections are :
• Ear, nose and throat infections
• Kidney infections
• Infections like chicken pox, strep throat, pneumonia, malaria, etc.
• Skin infections
• Sexually transmitted disease
• Poor hygiene
The causes of non-infectious fever are :
• Overexposure of skin to sunburn, heat stroke and sunlight
• Rheumatoid arthritis
• Medications like antibiotics and antihistamine
• Response to immunisation in children
• Drug abuse
• Autoimmune diseases and disorders
• Blood clots
• Alcohol withdrawal
• Silicosis, which happens when the lungs are infected from being exposed to dust.
Signs and Symptoms of Fever
The signs that you are running a temperature include:
• Joint aches
• Muscle aches
• Vomiting, nausea
• Profuse sweating
• Shivering and chills
• Sore throat
• Runny nose
• Sore eyes
• Feeling drained
• Rapid heart rate
In the case of toddlers and kids, you’ll notice that they are cranky, poor sleeping pattern, poor eating and lack of activity. Very high temperatures could lead to hallucinations and convulsions. Seek medical attention in such cases
Tips and Remedies to Get Relief from Fever
With your temperature rising, you could start to feel restless and drained. We’ll show you a few ways to bring down the temperature levels using home remedies.
From the vast array of remedies, we are delineating some of the ways to overcome your fever.
1. Get Some Rest
Getting good rest should be most important when you’re feverish. Bed rest is your body’s need if it’s going to get back on track.
Start with trying to not engage in so much activities. That way, conserve energy so the body could expend it fighting infections.
2. Sponge Your Body
You can reduce your temperature by using a sponge on your body. Soak the washcloth in cool water, preferably running water. Wring out the excess water and sponge areas like feet, hands, forehead, armpits and groin. This will bring down your body’s temperature. Keep changing the cloth piece regularly. This remedy is especially useful when dealing with a high fever or one induced by stroke.
Mix two tablespoons of white vinegar in a cup of water. Soak the washcloth or sponge in the liquid and wring out the excess water. Apply the compress on your forearm, armpits and under your knees to bring the temperature to normal.
Note: If you’re going to get a bath, it’s best to use lukewarm water. Using freezing water will cause your internal body temperature to increase.
3. Keep Your Fluid Intake in Check
When you have a fever, it’s important that you stay hydrated so that the fluid you lose as a result of sweating is replenished. To avoid getting dehydrated, keep a check.
You can take fruit Juices, coconut water, low sodium chicken or vegetable soups and broths. These will help maintain a normal hydration status.
As an alternative, you can complement your intake of water by adding ingredients that contain bioactive compounds. You could even add some potent herbs that have been used for generations as a home remedy. These will help fight against infections and get rid of the fever and associated symptoms.
4. Dietary Additions
Basil is well-known for its therapeutic properties. It also has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties that can help subside a fever quickly.
To use :
• Boil about twenty basil leaves and a teaspoon of crushed ginger in two cups of water till the solution gets reduced to half.
• Add some honey and drink the mixture at least twice a day for three days.
• To a cup of boiled water, you can add a teaspoon of basil and a quarter teaspoon of pepper. Steep for five minutes and strain before drinking the tea. Drink thrice daily till you recover completely.
5. Raisin Juice
Raisins have phytonutrients that are associated with their antioxidant and antibacterial properties. This is useful in helping the body fight infections and reduce fever.
To use :
• Soak twenty-five raisins in half cup of water till they get soft.
• Crush the soaked raisins and then strain the liquid.
• Add two tablespoons of lime juice to this mix
• Drink the tea twice a day
6. Ginger Tea
Ginger is packed with bioactive compounds including shogaols and gingerols. These compounds offer lots of health benefits.
Aside from its normal use in healing the digestive system, ginger has antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that can help the immune system combat infections and reduce fever.
To use :
• Prepare ginger tea by using half a teaspoon of freshly grated ginger and then adding a cup of boiling water. Let it steep for a few minutes. Drizzle a little honey and drink the tea at least thrice a day.
7. Try Foot Reflexology
Garlic has sulphurous compounds that have antifungal and antibacterial properties that help fight against infections that may be the reason behind the fever.
Garlic promotes sweating, thus helping to reduce high fever.
Crush two garlic cloves and mix with two tablespoons of olive oil. Warm the mixture and apply over the sole of your feet, leaving a few spots.
Wrap your feet with a cloth to keep the garlic in place. Let it stay overnight.
Note that if you’re pregnant or you have infants, do not use and do not administer to infants.
Using Egg Whites
Egg whites, even though they have no scientific evidence, have been used in ancient times to reduce body temperatures.
Soak a paper towel or a thin handkerchief in egg white and Place on the soles of your feet. Wear clean socks to keep the cloth in place. When the cloth gets dry and warm, replace with new ones.
• Take full rest for a day or two
• Eat lots of green leafy vegetables and citrus fruits to improve your immunity.
• Hydrate yourself a lot
• Do not eat processed foods
• Avoid smoking and taking alcoholic drinks.