Burns are pretty painful, whether they’re minor or severe, makes no difference. Unfortunately, they are one of the commonest household injuries. You could get a burn while baking or cooking and it could be really tough going through something like that. Other burns could occur as a result of direct contact with a hot object or even worse – fire.
Medically, burns are classified depending on how severe they are. There’s the first-degree burns which affect just the outer layer of the skin are not as severe as the second or the third-degree burns which affect the deeper skin layers and cause grave damage.
The third-degree burns are especially severe and would require a medical emergency. These kinds can only be treated in a hospital or specialized burn centers. They will often need skin grafts to minimize scarring and cover large wounds. Not forgetting the emotional support and physical therapy.
Those kinds are not our focus in this article as we will be dealing with mild burns that can be remedied with simple ingredients found at home.
Generally, burns will usually take anywhere from a week to a month to get healed completely when properly treated.
Severity Of Burns
We have already mentioned that burns are categorized according to their severity. There are four major categories and they include ;
First-degree burns – these kinds as we said are not as severe as the others and only affect the top layer of the skin.
Second-degree burns – these affect all skin layers and is least severe after the first-degree.
Third-degree burns – These kinds are the second most severe burns and also affects all layers of the skin
Fourth-degree burns – These are the most severe kinds. They’re usually terrible and impact even the joints and bones.
First and second degree burns could be treated at home and there is usually no complication. Healing will also easily occur with minimal attention. Scalds are also part of the group.
A week is usually enough for a first-degree burn to get healed while a second-degree burn could take three weeks. It’s important to pay attention to be certain there are no signs of infection that would require medical attention.
Below are symptoms to ascertain what kind of burn you have :
First degree burns
- A little of swelling
- Peeling as the burn heals
- Very sore skin
- Extreme redness Blisters that could ooze
If you experience any of the symptoms above, then these natural remedies could help.
Natural Remedies For Burns
Running the burn under cool water
This will soothe the pain and prevent from further injury. You could do this for about twenty minutes so that the burn does not cause more damage than it should.
If you have a first-degree burn, it’s likely that you do not need a bandage. Scarcely would you even need one for a second-degree burn, except if the blisters are open already. Apart from open blisters, if you find that your burn is in an area where it could chafing or dirt could get in, then you should use a bandage. More obviously, if the burn is oozing, a bandage would be needed to prevent an infection. Be sure to wrap it loosely and make sure the bandage is not sticky.
Stay out of the sun
It could be extremely painful exposing a burn to sunlight. It could also worsen the injury. If you, however, cannot avoid the sun, then you should at least always wear clothes that are fitted loosely to protect the injury from the sun.
Aloe vera is a common natural remedy for a host of skin problems. It’s also shown a lot of promise for treating burns. Aloe vera possesses anti-inflammatory properties that make it ideal for your burn. It also has the ability to boost blood circulation and protect the burn from getting infected as a result of its antibacterial properties. To use, scrape the gel off the leaves and apply onto the affected area.
Honey possesses antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that make it a great option for treatment of first and second-degree burns. You could use honey bandages to help sterilize your wound to protect of from getting infected. You will also be soothed and find that some of the pain is eased.
Coconut oil is another great natural remedy often used for the hair and the skin. It has a rich vitamin E content that heals the skin. To get rid of the scars that come from the burn, you could mix a teaspoon of coconut oil and a teaspoon of lemon juice together and apply topically, gently massaging on the mark. Lemon contains acidic properties that could help lighten the spot and coconut oil on the other hand possesses anti-fungal properties that protects from further infection.
Vinegar contains acetic acid which helps relieve inflammation, pain and itching while preventing it from getting infected. It also draws the heat from the burn, helping numb the pain. To use, get a cotton pad or swab and dip in vinegar. Dab the soaked cotton onto the burnt area gently.
Mint tooth paste
This is ideal for mostly first-degree burns like getting splattered with boiling liquid or touching something hot. Keep some white toothpaste in the kitchen cabinet. Start by running the scald under cold water and then pat dry with a clean towel and afterwards apply the toothpaste on the scalded area.
Tannic acid is contained in black tea. As a result, black tea draws heat from the burn, making it a lot less painful. To use, get about three wet tea bags and place over the burn. Leave them on for a while before taking off.
The healing power of lavender oil was found out by a French chemist in the early 1900s. He had burned his hand in a laboratory and hurriedly plunged it into a container that contained lavender essential oil. He found that the lavender oil eased his pain and healed it quickly. You could either do it his way or mix a teaspoon of pure lavender oil into two ounces of water. Put the mixture in a misting bottle and shake. Then apply onto the burned area.