Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are contracted when people engage in vaginal, anal or oral sex. STDs are very common. A research carried out by worrld health organization proved that over one million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day world wide.
Some of these infections or diseases come with accompanying grave reproductive consequences that may go beyond impact of the infection itself. Most of these infections have little or no symptoms and if not clearly examined, you could easily misread them. Over 20 million cases of Sexually transmitted diseases are reported in the United States every year, with 50 percent of the cases affecting people between the age range of 15 to 25.
However, most of these infections are curable especially if it is detected early enough, and even those without a cure can be effectively managed or taken care of with the right treatment.
Some bacterial STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis. STDs caused by viruses can be controlled, but not cured. If you get a viral STD, you will always have it. Some viral STDs include HIV/AIDS, genital herpes, genital warts, human papilloma virus (HPV), hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus
Some STDs that can be treated and cured by antibiotics and prescription are:
- Chlamydia – Chlamydia is a bacterial STD. It can be treated with just a single round of antibiotics.
- Gonorrhea – Like chlamydia, gonorrhea is caused by bacteria that can usually be treated with antibiotics, however, there are however, some cases of gonorrhea that are resistant to antibiotics.
- Trichomoniasis – Trichiomoniasis is caused by a parasitic protozoan that can be eliminated with antibiotics.
- Syphilis – Syphilis attacks the body in stages. It can often be easily treated with penicillin during the primary and secondary stages. A higher dosage may be required for the latent stage. Syphilis can wreak havoc on the body’s internal organs especially during the late latent stage– even if syphilis is treated and cured at this point, the damage cannot be reversed. Which is why it should be detected early enough.
- Scabies – Scabies are mites that spread via skin-to-skin contact. They can be killed with prescription body washes or shampoos, but they can live on towels, bedding, and clothing, so all fabric materials need to be adequately cleaned.
Public Lice/Crabs – Public lice can be ousted by using prescription washes, but all clothing, bedding, and fabrics need to be cleaned thoroughly, too.
Some of the incurable STIs are:
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus is extremely common. Some HPV strains have cancer causing potential. About 9 out of 10 sexually active people will contract HPV. About 90 percent of these infections go away within two years of detection; the body can clear HPV by itself through taking proper care of the body. However, the medical cure has not still been found. HPV can be managed by eating healthy and avoiding stress at all cost.
Since the HPV virus lies dormant when inactive, it can be difficult to determine the time you contracted it. It can lead to genital warts, cervical cancer, oral cancer , to mention but a few. Many children are vaccinated to protect against different forms of HPV. Pap smears for women check for HPV once every few years. Genital warts can be removed with creams, liquid nitrogen, acid, or minor surgery.
- Human immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the other chronic viral STD. It breaks down your body’s immune system, making you very vulnerable to even the slightest illnesses.
All attempts and researches aimed at finding the cure to this viral infection have proved futile. It still rages on across the globe. The only near solution out of this are the anti-retroviral (ARVS) drugs. People infected with HIV take this to keep their immune system in check.
Anti-retroviral drugs, when takes helps reduce your viral load, hence enabling your immune system fight off infections normally. AVRs reduce the amount of HIV in your blood to the barest minimum.
Thanks to modern medicine, many people with HIV can live long, healthy lives with practically no risk of infecting others through sex.
Herpes is one of two chronic viral STDs. It is very common, with over 500 million estimated carriers worldwide. This viral disease affects your skin with the most common symptoms being blisters and ulceration around the genital organs and mouth. It is spread through skin to skin contact; through engaging in unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex, sharing of sex toys with infected persons, coming into genital contact with infected persons.
Many people with herpes may not know they have it because they show no symptoms. However, when there are symptoms, they come in the form of painful sores around the genitals or anus. The painful and itchy skin may also be accompanied by vaginal discharge and in some cases tender and enlarged lymph nodes and pain while urinating.
Fortunately, herpes can also be managed with antiviral medications that reduce outbreaks and the risk for transmission. If you have herpes and are showing symptoms, talk with your doctor about the right antiviral medications for you
- Hepatitis B
Chronic hepatitis B is not curable, but it can be treated through home remedies like therapy, healthy eating and healthy lifestyle choices. These remedies do not exactly eliminate the infection completely but they prevent your hepatitis B viral load from increasing.
The remedies also help prevent cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer and premature deaths. Hepatitis B virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids.
These infection, when left unattended could cause great damage to your body. Therefore, taking care of yourself after an infection does a great deal of delaying the damage spread.
It is also important that you should first get tested before deciding you are infected since most of these symptoms are not peculiar to just hepatitis B.
Most cases of hepatitis B don’t cause symptoms and most adults can fight the infection on their own. If you have hepatitis B, your best bet is to speak to your doctor about checking your liver and your medication options to lessen symptoms. Immune system modulators and antiviral medications can help slow the virus’s damage to your liver.